Florence Carsello sitting on Policeman Martin Ernest's lap Judges Johnston, Baldwin, McGoonty Cook County Circuit Court Judge John R. Caverly sitting behind judge's bench Iroquois Theater Fire Investigation Judge Himes on bench at the Harrison Street police court with a group of men gathered in front of the bench Healey corruption case, crowded municipal court room, presided over by Judge Olson, judge is visible on right side of image Head and shoulders portrait of Si Mayer on the stand at gambling investigation in a room in Chicago, Illinois Judges (Judge Lyle and Judge McKinley) were elected throughout this period, and their election necessarily involved them in the ward politics of the period. Accounts of changes in the judiciary parallel demographic changes, and changes in the distribution of political power.

The process of electing judges and the influence of ward politicians upon judges and the judicial process is described in detail by a former Chief Judge of the Cook County Court. Judge McKinley’s report, Crime and the Civic Cancer-Graft, published as a series of articles in the Chicago Daily News, is an extraordinarily particularized account of how judges were controlled by the political machine, through the process of nomination and election.

The relation between judicial elections and the propensity of judges to sentence to death is analyzed using contemporary social science methods in article by Richard R.W. Brooks & Steven A. Drizin.